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"  As built by deities, the administrative center, dazzling palaces and temples, the capital of Thailand. " 

Tehran




City Information

 

Tehran (About this sound pronunciation) (Persianتهران‎ Tehrānpronounced [tehˈɾɒːn]), sometimes spelled Teheran, is the capital of Iran andTehran Province. With a population of about 8,300,000 and about 14 million metropolitan area, it is Iran's largest city and urban area, and one of the largest cities in Western Asia.

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Tehran has been the subject to mass migration of people from all around Iran.[4] The city is home to many historic mosqueschurchessynagogues and Zoroastrian fire temples. Contemporary Tehran is a modern city featuring many structures, of which the Azadi (Freedom) Tower and the Milad Tower have come to be symbols of Tehran itself. Tehran is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.[5] Throughout Iran's history, the capital has been moved many times, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran although it has been Iran's capital for about 220 years. Persian is the city's native tongue, spoken by roughly 98% of the population.[6] The majority of people in Tehran identify themselves as Persians.[7][8] In pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, Tehran was called Ray (which in the Avesta occurs in the form[9] of Ragha)

 

            

 

 

Climate

Tehran features a semi-aridcontinental climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Tehran's climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz Mountains to its north and the central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in the spring and autumn, hot and dry in the summer, and cold in the winter. Because the city is large with significant differences in elevation among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly north than in the flat southern part of Tehran. For instance, The 17.3 km Vali E Asr street runs from the Tehran's railway station than (1117 metres elevation above see level) in the south of the city to the Tajrish square (1612 metres elevation above see level) in the north.[citation needed

Tehran has seen an increase in relative humidity and annual precipitation in the last ten years. This is most likely because of the afforestation projects which also include expanding parks and lakes. The northern parts of Tehran are still more lush than the southern parts.

 

 

Location and subdivisions

Tehran county borders Shemiranat county to the north, Damavand county to the east, EslamshahrPakdasht, and Raycounties to the south, and Karaj and Shahriar counties to the west.

 

Economy

Tehran is the economic centre of Iran.[32] About 30% of Iran's public-sector workforce and 45% of large industrial firms are located in Tehran and almost half of these workers work for the government.[33] Most of the remainder of workers are factory workers, shopkeepers, laborers, and transport workers. Few foreign companies operate in Tehran because of the Iranian government's relations to the west. But before the Islamic revolution many foreign companies were active in this region. Today many modern industries of this city include the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products. It is also a leading center for the sale of carpets and furniture. There is an oil refinery near Ray, south of the city. Tehran has four airports : Mehrabad International AirportTehran Imam Khomeini International Airport,Ghal'eh Morghi airfield (Velayat Park) and Doshan Tappeh Air Base.

Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis, and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world. The Tehran Stock Exchange, which is a full member of the Federation Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs (FIBV) and a founding member of the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges, has been one of the world's best performing stock exchanges in recent years.[34]

 

Religious centers

There are many religious centers scattered around the city from old to newly built centers. There are mosques, churches, and synagogues where followers of these religions can practice their faith.

The Friday prayer in Tehran is usually hosted by University of Tehran which is led by a Friday prayer leader and on special occasions by the Supreme Leader of Iran. Hundreds of thousands of people participate in the prayers, during which the city of Tehran comes to a standstill.

 

 

Website

http://www.tehran.ir/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Leader Name

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf


Consequences activities after signing on the agreement.

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by Dr. Radut